Oracle SQL Training Outline
Introduction to Oracle Database
List the features of Oracle Database 11g
Discuss the basic design, theoretical, and physical aspects of a relational database
Categorize the different types of SQL statements
Describe the data set used by the course
Log on to the database using SQL Developer environment
Save queries to files and use script files in SQL Developer
Retrieve Data using the SQL SELECT Statement
List the capabilities of SQL SELECT statements
Generate a report of data from the output of a basic SELECT statement
Select All Columns
Select Specific Columns
Use Column Heading Defaults
Use Arithmetic Operators
Understand Operator Precedence
Learn the DESCRIBE command to display the table structure
Learn to Restrict and Sort Data
Write queries that contain a WHERE clause to limit the output retrieved
List the comparison operators and logical operators that are used in a WHERE clause
Describe the rules of precedence for comparison and logical operators
Use character string literals in the WHERE clause
Write queries that contain an ORDER BY clause to sort the output of a SELECT statement
Sort output in descending and ascending order
Usage of Single-Row Functions to Customize Output
Describe the differences between single row and multiple row functions
Manipulate strings with character function in the SELECT and WHERE clauses
Manipulate numbers with the ROUND, TRUNC, and MOD functions
Perform arithmetic with date data
Manipulate dates with the DATE functions
Invoke Conversion Functions and Conditional Expressions
Describe implicit and explicit data type conversion
Use the TO_CHAR, TO_NUMBER, and TO_DATE conversion functions
Nest multiple functions
Apply the NVL, NULLIF, and COALESCE functions to data
Use conditional IF THEN ELSE logic in a SELECT statement
Aggregate Data Using the Group Functions
Use the aggregation functions in SELECT statements to produce meaningful reports
Divide the data in groups by using the GROUP BY clause
Exclude groups of date by using the HAVING clause
Display Data from Multiple Tables Using Joins
Create a simple and complex view
Retrieve data from views
Create, maintain, and use sequences
Create and maintain indexes
Create private and public synonyms
Use Sub-queries to Solve Queries
Describe the types of problem that sub-queries can solve
Define sub-queries
List the types of sub-queries
Write single-row and multiple-row sub-queries
The SET Operators
Describe the SET operators
Use a SET operator to combine multiple queries into a single query
Control the order of rows returned
Data Manipulation Statements
Describe each DML statement
Insert rows into a table
Change rows in a table by the UPDATE statement
Delete rows from a table with the DELETE statement
Save and discard changes with the COMMIT and ROLLBACK statements
Explain read consistency
Use of DDL Statements to Create and Manage Tables
Categorize the main database objects
Review the table structure
List the data types available for columns
Create a simple table
Decipher how constraints can be created at table creation
Describe how schema objects work
Other Schema Objects
Create a simple and complex view
Retrieve data from views
Create, maintain, and use sequences
Create and maintain indexes
Create private and public synonyms
Control User Access
Differentiate system privileges from object privileges
Create Users
Grant System Privileges
Create and Grant Privileges to a Role
Change Your Password
Grant Object Privileges
How to pass on privileges?
Revoke Object Privileges
Management of Schema Object
Add, Modify and Drop a Column
Add, Drop and Defer a Constraint
How to enable and disable a Constraint?
Create and Remove Indexes
Create a Function-Based Index
Perform Flashback Operations
Create an External Table by Using ORACLE_LOADER and by Using ORACLE_DATAPUMP
Query External Tables
Manage Objects with Data Dictionary Views
Explain the data dictionary
Use the Dictionary Views
USER_OBJECTS and ALL_OBJECTS Views
Table and Column Information
Query the dictionary views for constraint information
Query the dictionary views for view, sequence, index and synonym information
Add a comment to a table
Query the dictionary views for comment information
Manipulate Large Data Sets
Use Sub queries to Manipulate Data
Retrieve Data Using a Sub query as Source
Insert Using a Sub query as a Target
Usage of the WITH CHECK OPTION Keyword on DML Statements
List the types of Multi table INSERT Statements
Use Multi table INSERT Statements
Merge rows in a table
Track Changes in Data over a period of time
Data Management in Different Time Zones
Time Zones
CURRENT_DATE, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, and LOCALTIMESTAMP
Compare Date and Time in a Session’s Time Zone
DBTIMEZONE and SESSIONTIMEZONE
Difference between DATE and TIMESTAMP
INTERVAL Data Types
Use EXTRACT, TZ_OFFSET and FROM_TZ
Invoke TO_TIMESTAMP,TO_YMINTERVAL and TO_DSINTERVAL
Retrieve Data Using Sub-queries
Multiple-Column Sub queries
Pairwise and No pairwise Comparison
Scalar Sub query Expressions
Solve problems with Correlated Sub queries
Update and Delete Rows Using Correlated Sub queries
The EXISTS and NOT EXISTS operators
Invoke the WITH clause
The Recursive WITH clause
Regular Expression Support
Use the Regular Expressions Functions and Conditions in SQL
Use Meta Characters with Regular Expressions
Perform a Basic Search using the REGEXP_LIKE function
Find patterns using the REGEXP_INSTR function
Extract Substrings using the REGEXP_SUBSTR function
Replace Patterns Using the REGEXP_REPLACE function
Usage of Sub-Expressions with Regular Expression Support
Implement the REGEXP_COUNT function

Oracle PL/SQL Training Outline
Introduction
Course Objectives
Course Agenda
Human Resources (HR) Schema
Introduction to SQL Developer
Introduction to PL/SQL
PL/SQL Overview
Benefits of PL/SQL Subprograms
Overview of the Types of PL/SQL blocks
Create a Simple Anonymous Block
Generate Output from a PL/SQL Block
PL/SQL Identifiers
List the different Types of Identifiers in a PL/SQL subprogram
Usage of the Declarative Section to define Identifiers
Use variables to store data
Identify Scalar Data Types
The %TYPE Attribute
What are Bind Variables?
Sequences in PL/SQL Expressions
Write Executable Statements
Describe Basic PL/SQL Block Syntax Guidelines
Comment Code
Deployment of SQL Functions in PL/SQL
How to convert Data Types?
Nested Blocks
Identify the Operators in PL/SQL
Interaction with the Oracle Server
Invoke SELECT Statements in PL/SQL to Retrieve data
Data Manipulation in the Server Using PL/SQL
SQL Cursor concept
Usage of SQL Cursor Attributes to Obtain Feedback on DML
Save and Discard Transactions
Control Structures
Conditional processing Using IF Statements
Conditional processing Using CASE Statements
Use simple Loop Statement
Use While Loop Statement
Use For Loop Statement
Describe the Continue Statement
Composite Data Types
Use PL/SQL Records
The %ROWTYPE Attribute
Insert and Update with PL/SQL Records
Associative Arrays (INDEX BY Tables)
Examine INDEX BY Table Methods
Use INDEX BY Table of Records
Explicit Cursors
What are Explicit Cursors?
Declare the Cursor
Open the Cursor
Fetch data from the Cursor
Close the Cursor
Cursor FOR loop
Explicit Cursor Attributes
FOR UPDATE Clause and WHERE CURRENT Clause
Exception Handling
Understand Exceptions
Handle Exceptions with PL/SQL
Trap Predefined Oracle Server Errors
Trap Non-Predefined Oracle Server Errors
Trap User-Defined Exceptions
Propagate Exceptions
RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR Procedure
Stored Procedures and Functions
Understand Stored Procedures and Functions
Differentiate between anonymous blocks and subprograms
Create a Simple Procedure
Create a Simple Procedure with IN parameter
Create a Simple Function
Execute a Simple Procedure
Execute a Simple Function
Create Stored Procedures
Create a Modularized and Layered Subprogram Design
Modularize Development With PL/SQL Blocks
Describe the PL/SQL Execution Environment
Identity the benefits of Using PL/SQL Subprograms
List the differences Between Anonymous Blocks and Subprograms
Create, Call, and Remove Stored Procedures Using the CREATE Command and SQL Developer
Implement Procedures Parameters and Parameters Modes
View Procedures Information Using the Data Dictionary Views and SQL Developer
Create Stored Functions
Create, Call, and Remove a Stored Function Using the CREATE Command and SQL
Developer
Identity the advantages of Using Stored Functions in SQL Statements
List the steps to create a stored function
Implement User-Defined Functions in SQL Statements
Identity the restrictions when calling Functions from SQL statements
Control Side Effects when calling Functions from SQL Expressions
View Functions Information
Create Packages
Identity the advantages of Packages
Describe Packages
List the components of a Package
Develop a Package
How to enable visibility of a Package’s components?
Create the Package Specification and Body Using the SQL CREATE Statement and SQL
Developer
Invoke Package Constructs
View PL/SQL Source Code Using the Data Dictionary
Packages
Overloading Subprograms in PL/SQL
Use the STANDARD Package
Use Forward Declarations to Solve Illegal Procedure Reference
Implement Package Functions in SQL and Restrictions
Persistent State of Packages
Persistent State of a Package Cursor
Control Side Effects of PL/SQL Subprograms
Invoke PL/SQL Tables of Records in Packages
Implement Oracle-Supplied Packages in Application Development
What are Oracle-Supplied Packages?
Examples of Some of the Oracle-Supplied Packages
How Does the DBMS_OUTPUT Package Work?
Use the UTL_FILE Package to Interact With Operating System Files
Invoke the UTL_MAIL Package
Write UTL_MAIL Subprograms
Dynamic SQL
The Execution Flow of SQL
What is Dynamic SQL?
Declare Cursor Variables
Dynamically executing a PL/SQL Block
Configure Native Dynamic SQL to Compile PL/SQL Code
Invoke DBMS_SQL Package
Implement DBMS_SQL with a Parameterized DML Statement
Dynamic SQL Functional Completeness
Design Considerations for PL/SQL Code
Standardize Constants and Exceptions
Understand Local Subprograms
Write Autonomous Transactions
Implement the NOCOPY Compiler Hint
Invoke the PARALLEL_ENABLE Hint
The Cross-Session PL/SQL Function Result Cache
The DETERMINISTIC Clause with Functions
Usage of Bulk Binding to Improve Performance
Triggers
Describe Triggers
Identify the Trigger Event Types and Body
Business Application Scenarios for Implementing Triggers
Create DML Triggers Using the CREATE TRIGGER Statement and SQL Developer
Identify the Trigger Event Types, Body, and Firing (Timing)
Statement Level Triggers Versus Row Level Triggers
Create Instead of and Disabled Triggers
How to Manage, Test, and Remove Triggers?
Create Compound, DDL, and Event Database Triggers
What are Compound Triggers?
Identify the Timing-Point Sections of a Table Compound Trigger
Compound Trigger Structure for Tables and Views
Implement a Compound Trigger to Resolve the Mutating Table Error
Compare Database Triggers to Stored Procedures
Create Triggers on DDL Statements
Create Database-Event and System-Event Triggers
System Privileges Required to Manage Triggers
The PL/SQL Compiler
What is the PL/SQL Compiler?
Describe the Initialization Parameters for PL/SQL Compilation
List the New PL/SQL Compile Time Warnings
Overview of PL/SQL Compile Time Warnings for Subprograms
List the benefits of Compiler Warnings
List the PL/SQL Compile Time Warning Messages Categories
Setting the Warning Messages Levels: Using SQL Developer, PLSQL_WARNINGS
Initialization Parameter, and the DBMS_WARNING Package Subprograms
View Compiler Warnings: Using SQL Developer, SQL*Plus, or the Data Dictionary Views
Manage PL/SQL Code
What Is Conditional Compilation?
Implement Selection Directives
Invoke Predefined and User-Defined Inquiry Directives
The PLSQL_CCFLAGS Parameter and the Inquiry Directive
Conditional Compilation Error Directives to Raise User-Defined Errors
The DBMS_DB_VERSION Package
Write DBMS_PREPROCESSOR Procedures to Print or Retrieve Source Text
Obfuscation and Wrapping PL/SQL Code
Manage Dependencies
Overview of Schema Object Dependencies
Query Direct Object Dependencies using the USER_DEPENDENCIES View
Query an Object’s Status
Invalidation of Dependent Objects
Display the Direct and Indirect Dependencies
Fine-Grained Dependency Management in Oracle Database 11g
Understand Remote Dependencies
Recompile a PL/SQL Program Unit